South America’s very many remarkable deer

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South America’s very many remarkable deer
Tetrapod Zoology ver 3
Published 26 November 2014
Link [1]
Comments 66
Word Count 1554

I’m going to say a few things about the deer of South America. For South America, you see, is home to approximately 17 living deer species.

Summary[edit]

South America has a considerable diversity of deer, from tiny Pudu to goat-like Andean Deer to long-legged Marsh Deer. The Brockets (Mazama) are not a true group of arch-backed, slender-limbed deer with spike-like antlers, but four or five different lineages. All of the (non-invasive) South American Deer — including White Tailed Deer — form a clade whose origins are ambiguous due to recent discoveries about an older-than-expected land bridge to South America.

Mentioned Species[edit]

Native South American Deer[edit]

  • Marsh Deer (Blastocerus dichotomus)
  • Pampas Deer (Ozotoceros bezoarticus)
  • Huemul/South Andean Huemul/Chilean Huemul (Hippocamelus bisculus)
  • Taruka (Hippocamelus antisensis)
  • Brockets (Mazama spp.)
  • Pudus (Pudu)
  • White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

Relatives of South American Deer (Telemetacarpalian Deer)[edit]

  • Reindeer & Caribou (Rangifer)
  • Moose (Alces)
  • Roe Deer (Capreolus)

Invasive South American Deer[edit]

  • Red deer (Cervus elaphus)

Took the Baudo Pathway to South America[edit]

  • Dromomerycine (Surameryx)
  • Gomphothere (Amahuacatherium)

FU[edit]

Pending